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Panda poop could make biofuel

Panda poop is just one promising opportunity of research into exactly how waste can be changed much more easily in to greener power.

Presently, plant waste biofuel processors must break down the challenging composition of stalks or stems by preparing them with heat and/or pressure, or by managing them with compounds like acids, to produce the straightforward sweets that they ferment into an end product - refines that can be difficult to size economically.

At the Memphis Zoo, giant pandas Ya Ya and Le Le, are contributing considerably towards study which might change the manufacturing of biofuels far from corn and other meals plants and towards non-food plant product.

The pandas' contribution? Their poop, or rather, microbes found in their poop. "We experience discovered germs in panda feces could in fact be an option to the search for sustainable brand-new sources of sustainable new sources of energy," clarified Ashli Brown, who goings the research. According to her, panda poop might aid conquer one of the significant obstacles to producing biofuels, just how to crack down biomass to get to the fermentable sweets within.

The pandas' intestine includes a number of digestive microorganisms that have to rapidly and effectively damage down this woody plant product. Microbes could help make this process faster and cheaper, and the bacteria that dwell within pandas might be especially effective. After all, the tiny organisms can handle the 20 to 40 pounds of bamboo an adult panda eats each day.

"We experience found microorganisms in panda feces could in fact be an option to the search for lasting new resources of electricity," explained Ashli Brown, that goings the study.

According to her, panda poop could aid get over one of the major difficulties to generating biofuels, just how to damage down biomass to get to the fermentable sweets within. The pandas' intestine has a number of digestive microorganisms that should rapidly and successfully break down this woody plant material.

Blobfish was voted the most hideous creature

The gelatinous Blobfish was voted the most hideous creature discovered in nature in a poll performed on YouTube and backed by celebrities.

Fish, which has a sagging and sad-looking face, is under threat from trawling off the coast of Australia, where it lives at depths of 2,000 to 4,000 feet (600m to 1,200 m).

Blobfish grows to 12 inches long and have no muscular tissue, but their animated, gelatin-like flesh permits them to bob about in the deep sea. They are inedible, but are often captured in fishing nets.

The vote was organized by the Ugly Animal Preservation Society, which intends to raise recognition of animals whose risk of extinction is greatly disregarded due to the fact that they are not 'cuddly' enough.

In 2nd spot with 617 ballots was the Kakapo, called a "rubbish parrot" located in New Zealand. The bird is not able to fly and is not terrified of predators, indicating numbers have dropped to vital degrees.

Additionally in the leading 5 were the Axolotl, a mexican salamander, an Amazonian amphibian known informally as the "scrotum toad" as a result of its old and wrinkly appearance, and the proboscis ape, which has a big nose, a pot belly and is extremely flatulent.

Simon Watt, who founded the society, asked a team of eleven celebrities and comedians to film brief videos promoting one creature as the ugliest worldwide. They were seen almost a hundred thousand times online, and each was given a rating based upon the variety of times people 'liked' the video clips.

Mr Watt revealed the outcomes at the British Science Festival, with the blobfish coming out on top with 795 "likes", and told a viewers he hoped that would "increase the profile of some of most aesthetically challenging animals".

Massive Solar flares as 11 year cycle is approaching its peak

The Sun erupted with a big solar flares, triggering prospective disruption to radio signals in the coming days and serving as a prelude to a period of heavy solar activity.

The intense bursts of energy this week were all "X-class" flares - the strongest type.
These are assigned a number which gives more information about their strength: An X2 is twice as intense as an X1, an X3 is three times as intense, and so on.

The first of the recent flares, which was given an X1.7 designation, appeared at 0317 BST on Monday 13 May. That was followed by an X2.8-class flare at 1709 BST on the same day and an intense X3.2-class flare at 0217 BST on Tuesday.

These flares - the strongest solar activity of 2013 - occurred in the space of just 24 hours.
According to the Space Weather website, a fourth, X1-class flare was unleashed at 0252 on Wednesday.

The radiation burst was the biggest in 2013 and "caused an radio power outage that has considering that gone away," Science World Report reported.

Scientists anticipate even more such solar flares this year, due to the fact that the Sun's 11-year task cycle is approaching its peak, expected to arrive in the closing months of 2013.

When solar flares appear, they do not always trigger CMEs but this one did, slinging one out of the Sun at more than 600 miles per second, according to Science World Report. That has actually researchers concerned about this specific flare because CMEs can potentially "trigger a space weather sensation called a geomagnetic storm, which takes place when they get in touch with the outside of the Earth's magnetic envelope, the magnetosphere, for a prolonged time period," according to NASA.

If that takes place, ground-based and orbiting electronics systems could be disrupted, affecting areas like GPS navigation, satellite interactions and broadcasting, flight, and ground-based radio signalling over cell networks.

Department stores in Australia selling dog fur

The global animal protection organization, the Humane Society International (HSI), has revealed that investigations over the previous couple of weeks by it have revealed numerous clothing retail outlets in Australia, including major national department stores, selling products containing dog fur.

HSI says that following the discovery in February of dog fur in a vest being offered by Wittners, a significant national merchant, subsequent investigations and scientific analysis of fur items being offered in various other stores around Australia have likewise checked favorable for pet fur; despite being mislabeled as bunny fur and, sometimes, raccoon fur.

HSI contributed in lobbying the previous Australia Liberal-National Coalition government to impose a ban on the importation of pet dog and cat fur back in 2004. Since then HIS had likewise continued to ask for replaces to identifying laws that would make sure that all fur products are labeled with the species and nation of origin so that consumers, and sellers, are not misinformed in the future.

When they are told they are selling pet fur, many sellers are horrified.

HSI has suggested that the following facts relate to dog and cat fur use:

The death toll is conservatively estimated to be in the range of two million dogs and cats killed annually for their fur.   

Usually, 10 to 12 dogs and 24 cats are killed to manufacture one coat – more if puppies or kittens are used.

The public response to our 2003 investigation was overwhelming, attracting by far the biggest outcry of all the animal causes HSI has ever witnessed.

Australian consumers certainly don’t want to buy dog and cat fur and most Australian retailers do not want to be at risk of selling it.

The then Minister for Customs received an unprecedented 10,000 direct representations on the issue and over 100,000 Australians signed the petition to the Prime Minister, one of the largest petitions ever to the Australian Parliament.

The fur industry deliberately misleads consumers about product composition.

A dog product may be sold as Gae-wolf, Sobaki, Raccoon and Asian Jackal among many others.

Cat products are often sold as Wildcat, Goyangi and Katzenfelle to name only a few.

Gucci gone green creating shoes of eco-friendly plastic

Gucci have gone green by producing eco-friendly footwear line called 'Sustainable Soles', which is part of the pre-fall 2012 collection, made of eco-friendly plastic.

Following in the footsteps of British designer Stella McCartney, who has launched eco-friendly collections in the past, Gucci are continuing to reveal their dedication to the Copenhagen Fashion Summit - the world conference on sustainability and style.

Designed by Gucci's creative director, Frida Giannini, the line yet only includes 2 designs, one for men and one for ladies.

Marola Eco-friendly are ballerina flats available in polished colors like blush, black and taupe, created with a sense of connection, broken just by cut out detailing and the company's double-G logo.

For guys are the California Eco-friendly men tennis shoes reveals bio-rubber soles, vegetable-tanned calfskin, bio-strings, rhodium-plated metal details. The sneakers likewise have tongues including the Gucci logo printed in green on a recycled polyester tag.

Gucci's Sustainable Soles belong to their pre-fall 2012 collection and will be introduced online and at Gucci's flagships worldwide at the end of June.

Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere reached record

Daily measurements of CO2 at the definitive "Keeling lab" on Hawaii have topped 400 parts per million for the first time.

The last time CO2 was regularly above 400ppm was about 3-5 million years ago - prior to modern-day people existed. The environment in the past was likewise significantly warmer than it is today, according to researchers.

The station, which sits atop the Mauna Loa volcano, has the lengthiest continuous measure of the concentration of the gas, extending back to 1958. Co2 is considered the most vital of the man made greenhouse gases, an product of burning nonrenewable fuel sources such as coal, gas and oil.

In 1958 the concentration on Mauna Loa was around 315ppm, this means 315 molecules of CO2 for each one million molecules in the air. Every year ever since, the "Keeling Curve", as it has actually become known, has risen resolutely higher.

The usual trend seen at the volcano is for the CO2 concentration to increase in winter months then to withdraw as the northern hemisphere growing season kicks in and pulls a few of the gas out of the setting. This implies the number can be expected to decrease by a few ppm below 400 in the coming weeks.

The long-term trend is upwards. To determine CO2 levels prior to the intro of modern-day stations, researchers should make use of supposed proxy dimensions. These consist of researching the bubbles of ancient air trapped in Antarctic ice. One of these can be made use of to describe CO2 levels over the past 800,000 years. It shows that CO2 held steady over this longer duration at between 200ppm and 300ppm.

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